3 Tips  How to Get Your Baby to Sleep like Clockwork

3 Tips How to Get Your Baby to Sleep like Clockwork

Here’s the first tip: Laugh together. No, this isn’t a joke or some weird therapy

Laugher is your most powerful ally against the main reason why your child isn’t sleeping: Tension

You see, the world is a scary place for your baby. He doesn’t understand most things and thus anxiety and tension build up during his day

And when it’s time to sleep it keeps him awake or causes terrifying nightmares. No wonder he wakes up crying!

Psychologist Dr. Laura Markham calls it the child’s “Emotional Backpack”. And nothing will help them to release the tension faster than a healthy laugh

I’ll share the best ways to make your child laugh later in this presentation

Roberta Edwards put this one trick to the test and here’s what she wrote me:

“Mary-Ann, you really know what you’re talking about with that tension relief. My 14 months old used to wake up 6 to 7 times before midnight. But now that the gets his giggles in he sleeps up to 9 hours straight. It’s truly a miracle. You’re the best!”

 Watch Here The Full Presentation

The second tip is about a common mistake I’ve been guilty of myself. It’s to get your little one go to bed late

You would think he’d be more tired making things easy for you. But you couldn’t be more wrong

Because once your child is up longer than he should his body gets flushed by stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol

And they keep him going like a double espresso right before bedtime sabotaging any attempts to put him to sleep. Never let it come so far!

The ideal bedtime for your child depends on his age and I’ll tell you all the details in a bit

Watch Here The Full Presentation

But first, let’s talk about tip #3. And many of my friends laughed at me when I tell them about it. Because it is completely counter-intuitive

And yet it’s absolutely true

Your child falls asleep the fastest not in a quiet environment but in a noisy one

I know it sounds incredible but hear me out. Because I’m not making this up. It’s a scientific fact proven in a little-known study done by the Queen Charlotte's Hospital in London

Now keep in mind this isn’t just any noise Dr. Daniel Moran and his colleagues are talking about here. It’s a special noise and once you play it to your little one, he’ll feel safe and protected and fall asleep almost instantly

Maureen Simons describes her baby’s reaction this way:

“My 5-months old Tammy was so clingy and needy we thought she’s never sleep without us holding and rocking her to sleep. But when we put your miracle sounds on, it was as though someone just flipped a switch. All of a sudden Tammy was giggling and calming down within minutes and she even fell asleep soon after. I wouldn’t believe it if I hadn’t seen it with my own eyes. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you!”

Introducing the Simplest Way to Get Your Baby to Sleep

I know how it is and that’s why I’ve tried to find a solution to make it easy for you

So now you can find all the information of this presentation and a lot more in my guide “Baby Sleep Miracle”

It is the fastest, easiest, scientifically proven method to solve your baby’s sleeping problems, once and for all.

Watch Here The Full Presentation

Getting Pregnant and Having Healthy Children (Pregnancy Miracle (TM) )

Getting Pregnant and Having Healthy Children (Pregnancy Miracle (TM) )

ATTENTION! Over 137,358 women in 154 countries worldwide have already used Lisa Olson's Pregnancy Miracle (TM) system to naturally get pregnant in their 30's and late 40's!...

Pregnancy Miracle

Click Here To Watch Full Video Explanation by  Lisa Olson

Chinese Medicine Researcher, Alternative Health and Nutrition Specialist,
Health Consultant and Former Infertility Sufferer Teaches You How To:

  • Get Pregnant Naturally 
    In 60 Days!
  • Give Birth to Healthy Babies
  • Improve the Quality of Your Life Dramatically!
  • Reverse Both Female and MaleInfertility Issues

Discover How She Overcame Her Own Infertility and Taught 137,358 Couples Worldwide To Eliminate All Their Infertility Issues and Get Pregnant Quickly and Naturally

Even If

  • You Are On Your 30's or Late 40's
  • You Have Tubal Obstruction
  • You Have High Levels of FSH
  • You Have PCOS or Endometriosis
  • You Have Uterine Fibroids or Uterus Scarring
  • You Have Ovarian Cysts Or 'Lazy Ovaries'
  • You Have A History of Miscarriages
  • Your Male Partner Has Low Sperm Count
  • Without Resorting To Drugs, IVF or IUI Procedures
  • Faster and Easier than You Ever Thought Possible!

by Lisa Olson- Nutrition Specialist, Health Consultant, Chinese Medicine Researcher and Author

Dear Friend,

Are you struggling to get pregnant? Are you frustrated, or feeling angry for not being able to conceive despite all your efforts?

If you answered yes, then let me tell you that I know exactly how you feel, because I personally had gone through the same experience years ago.

I have battled with my so called infertility for more than a decade until I have finally found a cure, got pregnant twice and now am a proud mother of two beautiful healthy children.

You're about to discover what might be the most powerful Infertility cure system ever developed. It's the same system to over 137,358 women, just like you, used to permanently reverse their infertility, get pregnant quickly and give birth to healthy children.

My name is Lisa Olson and over the past 14 years, through a long process of trial, error and experimentation, I have developed a sure-fire, 100% guaranteed, clinically researched system that is backed by 65,000+ hours of alternative medicine expertise with holistic and Chinese medicine research for getting pregnant quickly and naturally. This is a very rare, highly unique and potently powerful Infertility healing system, which very few women even know exists...

If you would like to learn how to reverse infertility and get pregnant quickly and safely... without drugs, without risky surgery, without any typical Infertility treatments, and without any side effects, then this will be the most important letter you will ever read. I guarantee it and I've got the results to prove it!

Click Here To Watch Full Video Explanation by  Lisa Olson

Nicole Terry

Success Story #1: Nicole Terry

"Using your system I got pregnant naturally at age 44!"

"Dear Lisa, After 7 years trying to conceive I finally got pregnant 4 weeks after I read your book and followed your program. It was simply amazing. I had history of recurrent miscarriages and was also diagnosed with genetic problems but using your system I got pregnant naturally at age 44& after 2 HSGs and 4 negative IUIs including 6 induction Clomid cycles and laparscopy. Everything in your book makes sense. I am recommending your program to all my friends.
God bless you!"

Nicole Terry, Age 44, With Her Baby Dean (Melbourne, Australia)
Lauren Ross

Success Story #2Lauren Ross

"After one month of trying I became pregnant and had a beautiful healthy boy!"

"Dear Lisa, your book is a must read for any woman trying to get pregnant. I was devastated and so was my husband after being told by my fertility specialist at age 38 that I had no option but to consider adoption or donor eggs (according to my doctor I was out of eggs and gave me 4% chance of getting pregnant and a 2% chance of carrying a baby to full term). After much research and dozens of hours reading infertility related articles and posts online, I have found your book! I never believed in anything alternative to western medicine and thought all the other stuff like Chinese medicine was a hoax. But I was soon glad to be wrong as I followed your step by step guidelines. After one month of trying I became pregnant and had a beautiful healthy boy. Nine months after that I did everything in your book again and after 2 months of trying I got pregnant again and gave birth to another perfect little boy. I would recommend anyone with an open mind to read your book. It just might be the answer to your prayers. Thank you for everything you have done for me, Lisa!"

Lauren Ross(Georgia, USA)
Beth Carrigan

Success Story #3Beth Carrigan

"After over 7 years of trying to conceive and thousands of dollars spent on infertility treatments, I had actually succeeded to get pregnant the natural way without any drugs or medical intervention"

"Dear Lisa, after going through 3 failed IVF cycles and several IUI's without any results, I had started my journey at the age of 37 as I couldn't accept the fact that I wouldn't have any children of my own. By sheer accident I found your book in May of 2017, I implemented most of your guidelines exactly as instructed in the book and found myself holding a positive home pregnancy test in less than 5 weeks! After over seven years of trying to conceive and thousands of dollars spent on infertility treatments, I had actually succeeded to get pregnant the natural way without any drugs or medical intervention all because of a book that costs less than $40! I'm going to have my first baby in 1 month! I still cannot believe it!"

Beth Carrigan (Melbourne, Australia)
Emma Yager

Success Story #4Emma Yager

" I just wanted to say thank you for writing this program and for giving hope to women at my age. I am 46 and I am finally going to be a mother."

"Dear Lisa, My husband and I are going to the doctor today as I found out to be POSITIVE yesterday. I am in tears as I write these words. I am sure you get plenty of letter like this every day but I just wanted to thank you for writing this program and for giving hope to women at my age. I am 46 and I am finally going to be a mother. May god bless you and your family."
God bless you!"

Emma Yager (Berlin, Germany)
Nancy Persin

Success Story #5Nancy Persin

"I am a counselor who works with couples with infertility concerns, and have found your work to be extremely helpful for me and for my customers."

"Hi Lisa, what a great book you have written. As soon as I started reading, I felt like it was the perfect gift for women with infertility issues. I am a counselor who works with couples with infertility concerns, and have found your work to be extremely helpful for me and for my customers. I have been recommending and encouraging all my clients to order your book. With your wise words of experience and alternative techniques you have delivered hope for anyone who is struggling to get pregnant! You are welcome to use my testimonial on your site if you like."

Nancy Persin (Ireland)
Christal Graham

Success Story #6Christal Graham

" I have followed your 5 step recommendations and after less than 3 months of trying, I finally succeeded in my long and painful battle. I am going to have a child. I have no words to express my gratitude!"

"Dear Lisa, my doctor had told you to forget about having a child at my age and that I should have considered adopting a baby, but instead I took matters into my own hands and researched and found your book. I have soon found it to be a treasure that I could refer to repeatedly. The clear cut logical yet compassionate approach that tackles infertility from a totally different perspective had captivated me. I have followed your 5 step recommendations and after less than 3 months of trying, I finally succeeded in my long and painful battle. I am going to have a child. I have no words to express my gratitude.
Thank you!"

Christal Graham(London, UK)
 Daphne Silvertsen

Success Story #7Daphne Silvertsen

"As a last effort, my mother bought me your wonderful book. It has been the greatest gift I have EVER received and a true life changer. Thanks to your program I am on the road to becoming a mother and I owe it all to you."

"Lisa, I was diagnosed with PCOS and premature ovarian failure three years ago, and was told by my fertility doctor that I had little hope of having any baby, not only because of my relatively old age (I am 42). I had pretty much given no hope and had nothing to strive or opt for. As a last effort, my mother bought me your wonderful book. It has been the greatest gift I have EVER received and a true life changer. Thanks to your program I am on the road to becoming a mother and I owe it all to you."
Thank you! Thank you! Thank you!"

Daphne Silvertsen (Ohio, USA)
Mary Siordia

Success Story #8Mary Siordia

"2 weeks ago for the first time in my life, my period was late. I had a positive pregnancy test a week ago. Today my doctor confirmed my pregnancy!"

"Hello Lisa, I bought this book about 4 months ago, after 11 years of battle with infertility issues. I am 45 and was extremely skeptical, but had nothing to lose so with the supervision of a holistic doctor that you recommended, I had followed your 5-step Pregnancy Miracle (TM) system and to my utter amazement I had finally find a solution. Well, 2 weeks ago for the first time in my life, my period was late. I had a positive pregnancy test a week ago. Today my doctor confirmed my pregnancy. I am amazed, shocked and thrilled. I am speechless. It really is a miracle. Your book changed my life in more ways than one.
Thank you so much and God bless!"

Mary Siordia(California, USA)
Martha Francis

Success Story #9Martha Francis

"According to my infertility doctor it was "very unlikely" that I could be pregnant with my own eggs. But here I am, pregnant for the first time in life!"

"I wanted to thank you for this wonderful program. After years of trying to conceive and a failed IVF and a failed FET, I ordered your Pregnancy Miracle. According to my infertility doctor it was "very unlikely" that I could be pregnant with my own eggs. But here I am, pregnant for the first time in life. I got pregnant naturally just 2 months after my failed FET and after following your plan.

I am now 7 month pregnant (see photo attached). I am spreading this miracle story to whomever I meet and who suffers from infertility.
Kind regards and thank you, Lisa!"

Martha Francis, July 2012 (UK)
Dorothy Macleod

Success Story #10Dorothy Macleod

"After two months of trying, I got pregnant with my first baby boy. With one blocked tube and 2 ovarian cysts, I think this is nothing short of a miracle!"

""Hello Lisa, I have no words to express my gratitude, Lisa...I have fought with infertility issues for more than a decade. My Gyn told a year ago that one of my tubes was blocked, and had insisted that IVF was the only option left for me. I was desperate and terrified due to my relatively advanced age (I was 38 a year ago) and the 2 ovarian cysts that were giving me hell, that I would be childless. My husband and I decided we will keep on fighting as I have read many awful stories about the side effects, the low success rates and pain involved with the IVF procedure so we kept looking for a natural alternative. We almost gave up and then I found your website and emailed you for guidance BEFORE I bought your program. You were so supportive and kind that I immediately ordered your book and started the program along with my husband who had poor sperm motility(an issue that your program addressed as well). After two months of trying I got pregnant with my first baby boy. With one blocked tube and 2 ovarian cysts, I think this is nothing short of a miracle!
Thank you for everything, Lisa!"

Dorothy Macleod, April, 2013 (Ontario, Canada)
Children Learning Reading Program

Children Learning Reading Program

Discover how to easily teach your child to read.
...and Enable Your Child to Become a Fast & Fluent Reader With Less Struggle, Less Stress, Spending Just 15 Minutes a Day!

The Children Learning Reading program is a simple, powerful, and proven learning to read system that many parents like you have used to successfully teach their children to read in a relatively short period of time - spending just 10 to 15 minutes each day. We have the results to prove it! See amazing results and videos here.

►Who Is the Program Designed For?

It doesn't matter if your child is a 2 or 3 year old toddler, in pre-school, in kindergarten, in elementary school, or at any age, our methods will enable you to easily and effectively teach your child to read.

  • If you have a young child and you want to give your child the best start in life possible by developing superior reading skills, our Reading Program is for YOU! - If you have a child in pre-school or grade school just starting to learn to read, our Reading Program is for YOU! -
  • If you have a child that's having reading difficulties and/or is behind in reading, our Reading Program is for YOU! The Children Learning Reading program will help your child learn to decode printed text quickly and learn to read fluently through the critical process of developing phonemic awareness combined with synthetic phonics.

Phonemic awareness is arguably one of the most important aspects of learning to read and becoming a fluent reader. Children that lack phonemic awareness typically have reading difficulties, and end up being poor readers. The Children Learning Reading program is an extremely simple, straight forward, and step-by-step program.

Our program includes simple exercises and practices starting with the very first lessons that work to help your child develop phonemic awareness, and learn to read. Clinical studies, and even the National Reading Panel has stated that helping children develop phonemic awareness is one of the most effective ways to teach children to read.

► How Does the Children Learning Reading Program Work?

The program is designed to be taught to your child in two stages, and each stage comes with it's own instruction book and step-by-step lessons. Stage 1 helps your child develop all the important foundational skills of learning to read and read fluently, while stage 2 lessons deal with slightly more advanced lessons helping to greatly advance your child's already impressive reading skills developed from stage 1 lessons.

There are 28 lesson in stage one that are smoothly laid out to teach your child starting with the building blocks of reading printed text. The alphabet letters and sounds are introduced to your child in a stepped, sensible, and intuitive order through the 28 lessons. Very simple words and blending exercises are introduced very early on, and more complicated words, sentences, stories, and rhymes are slowly introduced with the lessons as your child progress.

By the time you complete stage one lessons with your child, your child will have already developed superb reading skills that sometimes leave you even surprised and amazed. Once you complete stage one, you can move on to stage 2 lessons, which involve teaching some more complicated matters dealing with reading.

There are 22 lessons in stage two. One of the main focus of this stage is teaching your child letter combinations that represent a single sound. The words, sentences, lesson stories, and rhymes here are more advanced, and work to greatly increase your child's reading skills and reading fluency. The wonderful thing about the Children Learning Reading program is that throughout the entire program, your child learns to read, and develops phenomenal reading and decoding skills without resorting to memorizing sight words, or memorizing any phonics rules.

Another huge plus of this program is that the step-by-step lessons are designed to be quick and effective. Each lesson typically takes no longer than 5 to 10 minutes to complete, and some lessons take just 2 or 3 minutes to complete. As you can imagine, with the short attention span of small children, short lessons like these will be much more effective and productive than long, drawn-out lessons.

To teach your child to read, all that you need to do is follow the lessons step-by-step, and spend 5 to 10 minutes each day consistently teaching your child to read. In just 12 short weeks, you will be extremely pleased that you have taken the time and effort to give your child the most important skill in life - reading.

►Get started today, download your copy of Children Learning Reading here

Developmental milestones: talking

Developmental milestones: talking

Toddler crawling and playing

Your toddler will gradually understand how she can use words to describe what she seeshears, feels and thinks. Even before she uttered her first word, she was listening to and learning from everyone around her.

How did my baby's speech develop in her first year?

From the moment your baby arrived in the world, she was learning how to communicate. Her first form of communication was crying. She cried when she was hungry, uncomfortable or tired

From around three months, your baby may have started to babble to herself and make sounds back when you talked to her. She may have begun to recognize her name, and even responded when you said it from across the room

From around six months, you may have noticed your baby favoring certain sounds, such as "ba" or "ma", as these were easier to pronounce. She may have repeated them over and over because she liked the way they sounded.

How will my toddler learn to talk?

12 to 17 months
From around her first birthday, your toddler may begin to use one or more words and know what they mean. Her first words could well be a variation of "mum mum" or "Dada".

By around 15 months, your toddler will probably raise her voice at the end of a question. She may make hand gestures to emphasis what she's saying, such as pointing and waving

Your toddler may be able to understand and follow simple or routine instructions, such as "Pick up your teddy" or "Come to the table".

18 to 24 months
By 18 months your toddler may use between six and 20 simple words. By two, your toddler may be using 50 or more single words.

She may be able to put two words together, making basic sentences such as "Carry me". When you sing a nursery rhyme, she'll attempt to sing along with you. So if you sing "twinkle twinkle little..." and pause, your toddler may add in "star." 

She will chatter to herself as she plays. Enjoy listening to your toddler as she creates her own little world. It doesn't matter if what she says doesn't make sense. The rhythm will sound like real speech.

Pronouns such as 'I','she', and 'it' may confuse your toddler. These labels for things and people are a little too abstract for her just yet. You may catch her avoiding pronouns, saying "Baby throw" instead of "I throw". There's no need to worry if your toddler's speech doesn't sound clear yet. Every toddler learns different sounds at different stages. 

25 to 36 months
Your excitable toddler may struggle not to shout when she's expressing herself. She doesn't yet understand how she can change her voice to find the right volume when talking

Your toddler will start to get the hang of pronouns, such as 'I', 'me', and 'you'. She will also be using the word "no" a lot. This is her way of asserting her independence from you!

Between the ages of two and three, your toddler's vocabulary will increase to about 300 words. She will string naming words and action words together to form complete, though simple, sentences such as "I go now"

Your toddler may ask you simple questions, such as "What?", "Where?" and "Who?" a lot. Get ready to be patient as your curious toddler wants to know the answer to everything!

By the time she turns three, your toddler will be able to have a simple conversation with you about what's she doing now or something she's done in the recent past

But don't be surprised if your toddler gets the tense wrong when she's telling you about something that's happened. For example, she may tell you that she "swimmed", when she means that she "swam" . Try not to tell your toddler that she got the word wrong. Instead, answer her with the correct tense. So tell her, "yes, we swam yesterday."

By now your toddler may be able to tell you her full name and gender, and perhaps even her age.

How can I encourage my toddler to talk?

Talk to your toddler as much as possible as you go about your daily routine and when you are out and about. The more you talk to your toddler, the more new words she'll learn, and the better she'll get at talking

Chat to your toddler as you change her nappyfeed, or bathe her, and give her time to respond with a smile or eye-to-eye contact. Use everyday activities to help your toddler to make connections between actions and objects and the words that represent them. Point out things you see when you're out and about.

Simplify your speech when you talk to your toddler. Use short sentences and emphasise key words. This will help your toddler to focus on the important information

Try talking to your toddler from time to time in sentences that are about one word longer than the sentences she is using. So if your child uses two-word sentences, use lots of three-word and four-word sentences when talking back to her. For example, if your toddler says "a fish", you could say, "yes, a big fish."

You can increase your child's vocabulary by giving her choices, such as "Do you want an orange or an apple?". You could even show your child both an apple and an orange. This helps your toddler to store a picture of the word in her mind. 

It will help your toddler to learn how to talk if you make time to sit in front of her and talk to her. You could even sit in front of her when you read a book, rather than have her on your lap, so she can watch you talking. 

Look at books with your toddler regularly. Even if you don't follow the story as it unfolds, your toddler will learn by listening to you talk about the pictures.

How will I know if my toddler is having trouble learning to talk?

There's no simple test that can tell you whether your toddler is having problems learning to talk

If you're worried, have a chat to your health visitor. She will most likely be able to reassure you that your child's speech is developing normally, or refer you to a speech and language therapist for assessment. 

How to massage your baby: photos

How to massage your baby: photos

Massage can soothe your baby and relax you. Follow our step-by-step image guide to baby massage and learn the best techniques for massaging your baby.

Getting to know you

1 / 12
Getting to know you
Offer your baby a massage when she's awake an alert; ideally not just after a meal, or when she needs a nap. When you think she's ready, set yourself up on the floor with a towel and a small bowl of oil suitable for massage. If your little one seems uncomfortable or starts crying before you've finished the massage, stop and give her a cuddle instead.
The legs

2 / 12
The legs
Her legs are a good place to begin, as they're less sensitive than some parts of her body. Using a little oil, wrap your hands around one of her thighs and pull down, one hand after the other, squeezing gently, as if you're "milking" her leg. Switch legs and repeat.
The feet
3 / 12
The feet
Take one foot and gently rotate it a few times in each direction, then stroke the top of her foot from the ankle down to the toes. Switch feet and repeat.
The soles
4 / 12
The soles
Use your thumbs to trace circles all over the bottom of each foot.
The toes
5 / 12
The toes
To finish off the feet, take each toe between your thumb and forefinger and gently pull until your fingers slip off the end. Repeat for all ten toes.
The arms
6 / 12
The arms
Take one of her arms in your hands and repeat the milking motion from her armpit all the way to her wrist. Then, take her hand and gently rotate her wrist a few times in each direction. Switch arms and repeat.
The hands
7 / 12
The hands
Trace tiny circles over the palm of each of her hands with your thumbs.The fingers
8 / 12

The fingers
Gently take a finger between your thumb and forefinger and pull, letting her finger slip through your grasp. Repeat for all her fingers and both thumbs.
The chest

9 / 12
The chest
Place your hands together in prayer position over her heart. Then, opening out your hands slowly, stroke outward and lightly flatten the palms over her chest. Repeat several times.
The chest (continued)
10 / 12
The chest (continued)
Place one hand flat across the top of her chest. Stroke it gently down to her thighs. Repeat the motion, alternating hands, several times.
The back
11 / 12
The back
Roll your baby onto her tummy. Using your fingertips, trace tiny circles on either side of her spine from the neck down to the buttocks.
The back (continued)
12 / 12
The back (continued)
Finish with some long, firm strokes from her shoulders all the way to her feet. When you have finished, put on her nappy and cuddle or breastfeed her. She'll probably doze off!
Keeping your baby safe in the sun

Keeping your baby safe in the sun

Baby in a sun hat on a beach playing in the sand


The sun is shining, so of course you want to go out and enjoy it with your baby. Read on to find out how to make sure your baby enjoys the sunshine safely.

While your baby’s tiny, it's best to keep her out of direct sunlight completely. Once she's six months or older, and wants to crawl and play outside, head for the shade and protect her delicate skin with a sun hat, loose-fitting clothes and sunscreen. It's recommended that you keep your baby in the shade when the sun is at its hottest between 11am and 3pm.

How can I keep the sun off my baby's skin?

Try to keep your baby in the shade as much as you can, under trees, an umbrella, a canopy, or a sun tent.

If your baby isn't mobile yet, she’ll be happy to lie and kick in the shade. If your baby is crawling or walking, encourage her to sit and play in the shade if it's very hot. It’s particularly important to stay out of the sun during the middle of the day when the sun is at its strongest.

Keep her skin covered with clothes made from lightweight, closely woven fabric, such as cotton. 

A wide-brimmed, or foreign legion style, hat will shade your baby’s face, ears and neck. Choose a hat with an elasticated or velcro strap that tucks under her chin, which will stop it coming off. 

Sunglasses for your baby will protect her sensitive eyes. They don't need to be expensive, but they do need to be good-quality wraparound glasses. When you’re buying sunglasses for your baby, look out for: 
  • the CE Mark and British Standard (BSEN 1836:2005)
  • a UV 400 label, which tells you that the sunglasses offer 100 per cent UV protection
  • an adjustable rubber or neoprene strap to help keep them on

When you’re out and about with your baby on a hot day, attach a sun canopy, sun hood, or umbrella to her pram or pushchair. Remember to check regularly to make sure that it’s still shading her from the sun, and adjust it when you need to. If you can’t keep your baby out of the sunlight, the next level of protection is sunscreen.

What sort of sunscreen should I use on my baby?

Once your baby is six months old, you can use lotions or sprays that are specially formulated for babies and children. We can’t be completely sure of the safety or effectiveness of using sunscreens on younger babies. That's why it’s recommended that you keep your baby out of the sun completely for her first six months.

When your baby is six months or older, choose a sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of at least 15. Also, check the label says the sunscreen is a broad-spectrum brand with a four-star or five-star rating. This means it offers good UVA and UVB protection. 

Apply sunscreen liberally to every part of your baby's skin that isn’t covered by clothes or a hat, including her hands and feet. You'll need a plum-sized dollop of sunscreen, probably far more than you'd expect. It's best to pat it on rather than rub it in. 

If you can, put the sunscreen on your baby about 15 minutes before she goes outdoors. You’ll need to reapply it at least every couple of hours and after she has played in water, even if the sunscreen is waterproof.

Some brands make tinted sun creams, which makes it easy to see if you have missed a bit of your baby’s skin. 

If your baby has eczema or sensitive skin, check the ingredients list for anything you know is likely to irritate her skin or trigger an allergic reaction. 

Test any new sunscreen product on a small area of her skin first before you apply it to any exposed areas. If your baby does develop a rash or redness where you’ve tested it, choose a hypoallergenic formula instead. Apply eczema emollients or treatments first, and then put sun cream on half an hour later.

What should I do if my baby gets sunburn?

Your baby's skin is very delicate. Despite your best efforts to protect her, unfortunately sunburn can occasionally happen. 

You may not realise your baby has sunburn straight away. It could take several hours before the redness and pain of the burn appears. 

If your baby’s sunburn looks red and sore:
  • Soak a cloth in cool water, wring it out, and then gently place it on the sunburnt area for 10 minutes to 15 minutes. Do this several times a day.
  • Bath your baby in tepid water to help cool her skin and reduce the redness.
  • Gently apply a moisturiser or an emollient to soothe her skin.
  • Offer extra breastfeeds or drinks to help cool her down and to replace any fluids that she has lost through sweating.

If your baby's sunburn is severe, and her skin is tender, swollen and blistering, call your GP. She may prescribe a soothing cream and a dressing for the blisters, and suggest you give your baby infant paracetamol to ease her discomfort. 

Six ways to keep discipline consistent

Six ways to keep discipline consistent

Mother talking to daughter

Why is disciplining my child important?

Your preschooler needs to understand how she's expected to behave, as well as how you’re likely to react to her behavior. You can help her to learn by being consistent in the way you discipline her. 

Consistency gives her the confidence to explore and learn, secure in the knowledge that certain things are allowed, and others aren't.

There's no need to be too rigid. It’s important to be responsive to your child. But frequently changing the way you discipline her, or only disciplining her some of the time, will confuse her. If she's confused about her boundaries, she won't be able to manage her behaviour as well.

It may feel as though giving in to whining or tantrums now and again makes life easier, but it can actually make things much more difficult in the long run. This is as it teaches your child that making a fuss is a good way to get what she wants.

Here are some useful tips on how to discipline your child consistently.

1. Set ground rules with your child

Set four or five basic rules around the issues that matter most to your family. Involve your child when you're coming up with the rules, so that she feels she has a say.

Try to make the rules as clear and specific as possible. For example, "Always be good" isn't a helpful rule, as it doesn't tell your child what counts as "good".

“We don’t hit” and, “We clear up our plates after eating" are more helpful. You can also set your own rules, based around your family life. For example, if you or your partner works shifts, you may want to introduce a rule such as, “Always be quiet in the morning.” 

Your rules can also reflect behavior that your child particularly needs to work on. Choose one or two issues to focus on at any one time, such as refusing to go to bed, or whining when she wants sweets. When these situations come up, make sure that your child knows what’s expected of her every time. 

Be sure to set a good example by following all the rules you make. Young children learn a lot from watching how their parents behave. 

It's no good saying, "You're not allowed sweets", if she then sees you or your partner munching away on a chocolate bar. 

Try to model good behaviour for your child whenever you can, and save your indulgences for when she's not around.

2. Ask for support

Once you’ve set some rules, and are ready to implement them, get as much support as you can. It can be invaluable to have backup when you feel frustrated or tired.

You and your partner need to agree on what the rules are, and how you’ll enforce them. Try to get the support of other people your child spends time with, too, such as grandparents. 

If your child is at nursery or preschool, talk to her key worker about a particular behaviour you're working on. They may agree to help reinforce your rules.

There may be times when someone else disciplines your child and you don’t agree with them, or wish they’d handled it differently. 

If this happens, try to wait until your child is out of earshot before talking it through with the adult involved. 

Let them know that you’ve set certain rules, and that it’s important to you that they’re enforced consistently.

3. Time it right

It can be tempting to give your child a crash course in manners just before a birthday party or a trip to visit relatives. 

However, you’ll be more successful if you start to enforce a new rule at a quiet time when there’s no pressure. This will give you both time to get used to the new expectations. 

Your child may find any changes to her routine hard to handle at first. So don't try a new discipline technique just before a new baby arrives, or during a house move. Instead try to be as consistent as possible with established and existing rules during chaotic or stressful times.

4. Be patient

Repetition is the key to teaching young children anything. So carry on telling your child when her actions aren’t acceptable, even if it seems your words aren’t sinking in. 

This may take some time, so try to stay calm while she's learning. Explain to your child why it’s a good idea to listen to you, giving her simple reasons that she can understand. “You have to wash your hands before you eat because they’re dirty and you could get sick” is a good example of this.

If you’re consistent over time, she should get the message eventually.

5. Don’t expect perfect behaviour

It’s completely natural for your child to challenge and even defy you at times. She's not trying to make you angry, she just wants to explore her world and test her boundaries. 

Providing her with calm direction whenever she misbehaves will help her to feel supported and cared for, while teaching her how you'd like her to behave.

Don’t assume that your discipline tactics aren’t working if you have to use them every day. The more often you repeat the same tactic over time, the more likely your child is to grasp your message. Also, her behaviour will probably become more manageable naturally as she gets older.

6. Bend the rules - sometimes

Consistency is important, but it’s fine to make an exception to a rule if there's a good reason. After all, life isn't always predictable! 

Being a little flexible will help your child begin to understand that there are sometimes different rules in different contexts. 

The key to flexibility is to be honest with your child about why a rule doesn't apply in a particular situation. 

For example, you could say, "We're going on a long car journey today, so you'll be able to play with the tablet for an extra hour." This lets your child know that the rules make sense, and are there for a reason. 

Try to avoid bending the rules just because you’re too busy or stressed to enforce them, though. This teaches your child that rules aren’t really that important. 

If you give in for no reason once or twice, your child will quickly learn that you'll give in again in future. So only bend the rules when you have a good reason that you can explain to your child.

How to teach your child to share

How to teach your child to share

Two children doing art and craft together.

Is it normal that my preschooler finds it hard to share?

Yes, it’s perfectly normal for your preschooler to find sharing tricky. Children generally understand the concept of sharing at about age three. But it will take a while longer before your child is prepared to do it. 

Although your child is starting to develop empathy, and knows that he needs to take turns, he isn’t mature enough to resist all of his impulses. Most three-year-olds and four-year-olds put their own needs first, and can get upset when the needs of others get in the way. 

Your child may not understand enough to realise that even if he doesn’t have a toy now, it’ll be his turn soon. So don’t be surprised when you see him grab a truck from a friend, or refuse to let his sister look at his favourite book.

Beneath the surface, though, his sharing skills are maturing. Part of this is because of how much he loves getting praise from you and other trusted adults. He may enjoy drawing pictures for teachers, making presents for you and sharing snacks with his friends. You can sow the seeds of generosity by gently encouraging your child to share.

How can I teach my child to share?

Make it fun 

Teach your child cooperative games in which he has to work together with others, rather than competitive games which focus on winning. You could try doing a jigsaw puzzle together, taking turns to add pieces. Or you could blow up a balloon and play keep-it-up. 

Share projects, too: water the plants, sweep the floor, or unpack the shopping together. 

Don't punish your child for not sharing 

It can be embarrassing to see your child snatching a teddy from his friend, or throwing a tantrum because his turn with the trucks has ended. But if you tell your child that he's selfish, or force him to hand over a prized possession, he may get the message that sharing has negative consequences.

When children feel ashamed or embarrassed, they sometimes become defensive, which can make it much more difficult to learn new skills. So try to give your child some leeway, and acknowledge that he's probably not being deliberately mean or rude by refusing to share. 

Keep in mind that it's natural for your child to want to keep some items to himself, as he develops a sense of what it means to own something. Rest assured that as he matures, he'll learn that sharing with friends is much more fun than playing by himself.

There may be some objects, such as a particularly beloved teddy or comfort blanket, that your child will never want to share. It's fine to keep one or two favourites as special objects just for him, just as you probably have some prized possessions that you prefer not to share.

Talk it out 

When your child squabbles with a friend about a toy, try to intervene before things become too heated. If either child starts having a full-blown tantrum, try to remove your child from the area until things have calmed down. Once both children are ready to listen, discuss the situation with them in a thoughtful and compassionate way.

If your child's friend is holding something back, explain how he may be feeling. For instance: "Josh really likes that toy, and he doesn't want anyone to play with it right now. Can you find something else to play with?" 

Help your preschooler put his own feelings into words, too. You may need to give him the vocabulary, for example by saying, "It sounds like you feel cross”, or "you’re looking a bit disappointed". This also reassures your child that you understand how they might be feeling.

If he's reluctant to share a particular toy, ask him why. Maybe you'll discover that there's a shortage of train tracks at his nursery, or that he especially prizes his football cards because they were a present from Grandad.

Teach your child to problem-solve 

If your little one has a firm grip on a toy truck that his playmate wants, the concept of sharing the truck may not even have occurred to him. Encourage your child to take turns with the truck. Setting a kitchen timer to mark each child's turn may help. 

Reassure him that sharing isn't the same as giving away, and point out that if he shares his toys with friends, they'll be more inclined to share theirs with him.

Respect your child’s possessions 

If your preschooler feels that his clothes, books and toys may be lost or damaged, he’ll be less willing to share them. So ask permission before you let his sister borrow his colouring pencils, and give him the option of saying no. 

Make sure that his siblings and friends respect his things too, by encouraging them to ask if they can use them and making sure they take care of them when they do.

Before a play-date, ask your child if there's anything he'd rather not share, and help him find a safe place to put his special toys. Then ask him to think of some things that would be fun for him and his guest to play with together, such as walkie-talkies, art and craft supplies, or a bat and ball. Ask his friend to bring along a few toys too, so your child isn’t the only one sharing.

Set a good example 

The best way for your three or four-year-old to learn generosity is to witness it. So share your ice cream with him. Offer him your scarf for a superhero's cape, and ask if you can try on his new hat. 

Use the word “share” to describe what you're doing, and let your child know that you can share a story, a feeling or an idea, as well as sharing material things. Most importantly, let him see you give and take, compromise, and share with others.

Learn more about when your child will start to show empathy for other people’s feelings, and find out when to teach him about respect.

Bedtime routines for toddlers

Bedtime routines for toddlers

Toddler fast asleep cuddling a teddy


If you haven't already, now is a great time to establish a bedtime routine for your toddler. When you follow a set pattern every night, your toddler will know what to expect. This will help him feel more relaxed, and able to fall asleep more easily.

What are the basics of a good bedtime routine?

The important thing is that you do the same thing every night, so that your toddler learns to associate particular activities with bedtime. 

If you're not at home, try to follow your routine as much as possible. The familiarity may make it easier for him to settle down in his new surroundings. 

Your toddler's routine should always include spending a little time in his bedroom. This will teach him that his room is a nice place to be, not just where he's sent at the end of the day.

Once you've tucked your toddler in for the night, give him a kiss and leave the room. If he grumbles, tell him that you'll be back to check on him in five minutes. In all likelihood, he'll be fast asleep by the time you return. If not, do the same thing again until he settles.

What can I include in my toddler's bedtime routine?

What you include in your toddler's routine is up to you. Just make sure you choose activities that help calm your toddler, rather than excite him. Here are some ideas for you to try: 

Give him a soak

A nice, warm bath is a soothing experience, and getting your toddler clean and dry is a great way to ease him into bedtime. 

However, if your toddler doesn't enjoy baths, or if they make him too excited, it's probably better to leave them for the morning. Give his face and hands a wash instead.

Brush his teeth

Your toddler's routine should always include brushing his teeth. It's important to start the habit of brushing as early as possible so that he learns to look after his teeth properly.

Get him changed for bed

Change your toddler into a fresh nappy, or encourage him to use the toilet if he's already potty-trained. Then help him get changed into his pajamas. Offer him a choice of two pajamas so that he can exercise some of his growing independence. 

Play a quiet game

Having a calm game on the floor of your toddler's bedroom is a great way to spend some fun time with him before bed. Older toddlers may enjoy simple puzzles or card games, and younger ones are always entertained by peek-a-boo. 

Your game doesn't have to be big or special. It can be as simple as taking turns saying the alphabet or counting to 10. Anything that entertains your toddler without over-stimulating him is fine. 

Have a chat

Whether or not your toddler's talking yet, bedtime is a perfect opportunity to have a quiet chat. Of course, if you have a young toddler, you'll have to do most of the talking yourself, but he'll still love getting your full attention. 

Talk about everything you've both been doing throughout the day, and how it may have made him feel. If your toddler's old enough, ask him to tell you about the best and worst things that happened to him, as well as anything that's worrying him. This may help him to work through any anxieties or fears so that he gets a better night's sleep. 

Read a bedtime story

Cuddle up for some cosy story time. Your toddler will love spending time with you, and hearing you give all the characters silly voices. It'll even help him learn new words, and encourage a lifelong love of reading. 

Give your toddler a choice of books from a small selection each night. He'll enjoy getting to have his say. You may end up reading the same few books for week or so, but repetition is a key part of your toddler's learning. While it may be a tad frustrating for you, it's great for his development! 

Sing a song

A soothing lullaby is a classic way to help your sleepy toddler drift off. Your voice and your partner's voice are your toddler's favorite sounds. You could even record a tune for him to listen to when someone else puts him to bed. 

Say goodnight 

Your toddler may enjoy going around the room saying goodnight to his favourite toys. Don't let him take advantage, though. If he insists on saying goodnight to every single stuffed toy in his bedroom, he may just be trying to put off bedtime a little longer. 

Bear in mind that anything can occasionally throw your toddler's routine off for a few nights. Find out when your toddler will be ready to sleep away from home.

Why is my toddler such a fussy eater?

Why is my toddler such a fussy eater?


It’s normal for your toddler to suddenly decide he'll only eat a few different foods. While it may be stressful to continually throw out uneaten food, try not to get too anxious. Fussy eating is simply a phase that most toddlers go through, usually in their second year. 

Fear of eating new foods is called food neophobia, which humans developed as they evolved. It’s an instinctive defence against eating potentially unsafe or dangerous foods. Many toddlers display mild food neophobia from time to time. In fact, it can be reassuring to know that this instinctive fear stops your toddler from eating anything and everything he comes across!

Food neophobia can be something as simple as your toddler refusing a broken biscuit because it doesn’t look like his usual biscuit! The good news is that it doesn't tend to affect children as much in their third year or fourth year, so you’ll be glad to know that his reluctance to experiment with food is a normal stage of development that he'll soon grow out of. 

Picky eating may also be your toddler’s way of showing his independence as he learns to feed himself. He may be seeing how far he can push the limits of your authority by trying to assert control over what he does and doesn't eat. 

This is one reason why pressuring your toddler to eat may backfire. So try not to get frustrated when he suddenly refuses his favourite foods. Just accept that he'll eat it again in time, and remove the plate without comment.

After your toddler’s first birthday, his weight gain will slow down. So gaining less weight than before is normal at this age.

Your toddler’s appetite may well vary so that he eats lots at some meals, and barely touches anything during others. But most toddlers are generally good at regulating their own food intake, if allowed to do so. Your toddler will eat enough to meet his needs. 

Here are some tips to help you make mealtimes easier for everyone:

Eat well and eat together, if you can

Provide a variety of healthy foods for your toddler at each meal. There's no need to be daunted by this. A ham sandwich with a side salad, followed by some yoghurt, covers the main food groups. Just be sure to offer different foods throughout the days and weeks.

Eat as a family with your toddler whenever you can. Toddlers learn how to eat by copying their parents and other children. Try to offer him the same food you have. If you like it, your toddler may be happier to give it a try. 

Eating together also gives you the opportunity to give your toddler plenty of attention and praise when he’s eating well.

Limit the options at mealtimes 

Offer him a meal that includes at least one thing that you know he likes. If your toddler is more likely to eat something he’s chosen himself, let him pick from a small selection of healthy foods.

Keep mealtimes to a set length

Most toddlers eat as much as they're going to in the first 30 minutes of a meal. Trying to persuade him to eat more after this time is unlikely to work, and will just mean unnecessary stress for you.

Introduce new foods gently

Offer your toddler just one new food at a time, and try not to make a big fuss about it. Give him a taste before putting a whole serving on his plate. Just a bite is enough. This way he won’t feel overwhelmed, and it won’t seem like a waste of food to you.

Bear in mind that you may need to offer a new food between 10 times and 15 times before your toddler's willing to try it. If he becomes reluctant to have a particular food, stop offering it for a while. You can always try again when he's a little older.

Keep an eye on what he drinks during the day

Some toddlers have little appetite at mealtimes because they’ve taken in too many calories from sweetened drinks and milk during the day. 

You only need to offer between 350ml and 500ml of milk a day. Until your toddler is two, stick to full-fat milk as it contains more vitamin A than lower-fat varieties. Once your toddler is two, you can start offering semi-skimmed milk, but avoid skimmed milk until he's at least five. 

Give milk to your toddler in a cup rather than in a bottle as this is better for his teeth. If your toddler doesn’t like milk, he can still get the calcium he needs with three portions of dairy foods a day, including yoghurt, cheese and custards. Between meals, give your toddler water to drink.

If you still have any concerns about your child’s fussy eating, see your GP or health visitor. Ask them to weigh and measure your toddler to check that he's growing well.